Al Baqarah: Topics and Interconnections

From Tafhimul Quran: Ayats 1-20. These introductory verses declare the Quran to be the Book of guidance: enunciate the articles of the faith (belief) in Allah, prophethood and life-after-death; divide mankind into three main groups with regard to its acceptance or rejection, believers, disbelievers and hypocrites. Ayats 21-29. Allah invites mankind to accept the guidance …

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Muqaddimah Al Baqarah

The second surah in the Quran is surah Al Baqarah. It is the longest surah with 286 ayahs. The reason for Al Baqarah's revelation was to guide the mukmin (believers) on how to lead mankind. The surah was revealed after hijrah (migration from Makkah to Madinah) because it was at this time that the muslim started …

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1:7 Conclusion for Al Fatihah

غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ ...  ghayri almaghDoobi 'alayhim wala aDDaalleen ... Not the (path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray. -Sura Al-Fatihah, Ayah 7 Allah's wrath falls upon those who knew the truth but rejected it anyway in arrogance. This was explained in Al Baqarah about the Jews …

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1:7 The blessed path

صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ SiraaTa allatheena an'amta 'alayhim ghayri almaghDoobi' alayhim wala aDDaalleen The path of those whom Thou hast favoured; Not the (path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray. -Sura Al-Fatihah, Ayah 7 1. Favoured here doesn't mean favour in worldly definition. It …

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1:6 Guide us God

اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ Ihdina aSSiraaTa almustaqeem Guide us the straight path, -Sura Al-Fatihah, Ayah 6 Ihdi comes from hada. It means to guide, to show and to lead. Ihdina is in the plural imperative tense meaning we are asking for guidance. Guidance is what we really need from Allah and He answers our plea later …

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1:5 We are always in need of You, our Creator

وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ... ... wa-iyyaaka nasta'een ... Thee (alone) we ask for help. -Sura Al-Fatihah, Ayah 5 Nasta'in comes from word isti'aanah which means seeking help to complete tasks. Nouman explains that this shows that we must start exercising Allah's commands no matter how bad our situation is. And to complete them, seek help and leave …

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1:5 You alone we worship

... إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ Iyyaaka na'budu ... Thee (alone) we worship;... -Surah Al-Fatihah, Ayah 5 General After teaching His servant to praise Him and mentioning His superior attributes and roles, Allah continues with this phrase stating the specific relationship between Him and His servant. Iyyaaka Na'budu Iyyaaka means You alone. Na'budu is derived from the word …

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