غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ
… ghayri almaghDoobi ‘alayhim wala aDDaalleen
… Not the (path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray.
-Sura Al-Fatihah, Ayah 7
Allah’s wrath falls upon those who knew the truth but rejected it anyway in arrogance. This was explained in Al Baqarah about the Jews during the time of God’s revelation from Musa (Moses) to Muhammad as an example.
2:61 & 3:112 “they brought down anger from Allah upon themselves.”
48:6 “Allah is angry with them.”
In a hadith, Sadaqa (alms giving) extinguishes Lord’s anger.
As for those who are astray or missing the target, they are explained further in surah Ali Imran, on the characteristics of the Christians. Also in surah Al Maidah (5:77) “were misguided and misguided many others and are far from the right way.”
So in Al Fatihah, we praised God for His power and attributes, admitted our dependence on Him and pleaded for the blessed path.
Dear God, guide us to the blessed path..