ذَٰلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لَا رَيْبَ ۛ فِيهِ ۛ هُدًى لِلْمُتَّقِينَ
Thaalika alkitaabu laarayba feehi hudan lilmuttaqeen
This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt, a guidance unto those who ward off (evil).
-Sura Al-Baqarah, Ayah 2
This ayah is the first ayah to explain about the Quran itself.
It explains that Allah the All Merciful has answered our plea in the previous surah, Al Fatihah, by sending down the Quran as a guidance to mankind.
It also states the important characteristic of the Quran that it is without doubt ie true, consistent and clear.
1. Thaalika (that) is used instead of haaza (this) to show the elevated status of Quran.
Some say, it refers to the complete Quran in the heavens as Quran was not yet completely revealed and written down when this verse was revealed.
2. Al Kitaab (the book)
The term Al kitaab in the Quran usually refers to the Quran itself. Sometimes it refers to the Preserved Tablet in the heaven and the record of deeds during resurrection.
3. Laa rayba fee hi (No doubt/ suspicion/ need/ uncertainty in it) meaning no falsehood and contradictions.
4. This kitaab is the hudan (good guidance, clarification) lil muttaqiin (for those who have taqwa).
The word huda was used in Al Fatihah when Allah teaches us to ask for guidance from Him.
When added with tanwin (ie hudaN), it refers to the right guidance, usually refers to religious guidance, not the normal guidance like showing the directions etc.
Taqwa means piety, warding off evil, fear & love of God.
Muttaqun are those who protect themselves by abiding to Allah’s commands and restrictions.
The signs of muttaqun are stated in the next two ayah.
Important obvious lessons
1. There is no doubt in the Quran.
Later in this chapter, Allah challenged those who have doubts regarding Quran to produce similar chapter themselves.
2. The Quran is one of the ways Allah guide mankind.
Al Qur’an is a guidance for all of mankind as stated many times in it.
It shows Allah’s blessings towards mankind by not letting us astray without guidance.
Furthermore, the foundations of Islam are based on the Quran and the Sunnah (way of the prophet). This is true not only on jurisprudence matters (ritual, laws) but also covers islamic ethics, theology, philosophy etc.
3. One of the prerequisites to be guided by the Quran is to have taqwa.
Taqwa is one of the themes of this chapter. The next 3 sentences described it.
This theme, ie taqwa, is apparent in Al Baqarah eg “worship your Lord so you may attain taqwa”. Same goes for ayat on fasting, jihad etc.
4. Allah has the right to choose whoever He wishes to be guided.
Allah mentions muttaqun (those who have taqwa) as a condition to be guided by Allah, as Allah has the right to choose whoever He wishes to be guided, in however ways Allah wants it.
1. Kitaab or book is a natural way for men to receive knowledge.
2. Al Qur’an is one of Allah’s quality, it is not a creation and not subject to time, thus it was relevant, is relevant and will continue to be relevant.
1. How can we attain the confidence that the Quran is the truth and without doubt, when we dont even read it?
2. If Allah affirms that the Quran is the guidance for mankind and the Quran is the guidance for the muttaqun, does all of mankind has the potential to have taqwa?