Posted in 2. Al Baqarah, Arabic, Correlation, Da'wah (invitation), Kufur

2:6 Disbelievers

​2:6 Certainly, those who disbelieve, it is the same to them whether you (O Muhammad) warn them, or do not warn them, they will not believe. 

After explaining the characteristics of those favored by Allah through His guidance from the Qur’an, Allah now explains the disbelievers. 

Disbelievers

Kafaru means disbelieved.

Kufr means disbelief, opposite of iman or belief.

Kufr also means ingratitude, which can be used for ingratitude towards Allah or mankind.

The root word is kafara meaning covering or hiding. Those who cover are called kuffar (e.g. the cultivators of land, they covered the seeds with earth, 57:20). The disbelievers are called kaafiruun.

Ad Dahhak said this refers to Abu Jahal and 6 people from his household.

Ibn Abbas said this refers to leaders of Medinan Jews e.g. Ka’ab ibn al Ashraf, Huyayy ibn al Akhtab etc.

Ar Rabi’ ibn Anas said it refers to the leaders of idolaters who were killed at Badr.

If we are accusing someone as a disbeliever, it is only allowed after his kufr is revealed from the Unseen after his death (people can change before death).

Indifference towards Warnings

Indzar means giving some knowledge and instill fear simultaneously. This is only used to warn someone against something they already know, but urgently.

This ayah is not discouraging mukmin to invite everyone towards the straight path. It is just explaining the attribute of kafiruun i.e. they wont listen, so that the mukmin wont be disheartened when rejected.

All hearts are within Allah’s control. When someone stops listening (especially due to ego) Allah will cover his heart so it will be harder to listen next time. A man can stop listening as he has freewill as decreed by Allah. Allah has the right to cover his heart as also decreed by Allah.

Similarly, from many ahadith, whoever lets an evil act, a black dot will appear on his heart. If he does a good deed, a white dot will appear. This will go on until his heart is either black or white totally.

Wallahu alam.

Posted in 2. Al Baqarah, Akhirah (Hereafter), Arabic, Correlation, Knowing Allah, Taqwa, Theme

2:5 Success for the Guided

2:5 ​Those are on guidance from their Lord. And those, they are the successful.

Those who fulfilled the criteria mentioned in the two ayah previously are those who have taqwa. They are those who shall obtain guidance through Qur’an (ayah 2).

The muttaqin receives guidance from their Lord. This again shows that Allah has the absolute power to influence our fate. This is in contrast to some people (e.g. the qadariyyah) who claimed that men are owner of their own fate, faith and creator of their own guidance.

Falah comes from root word falh meaning splitting or cleaving.
Tillage on earth when is was ploughed for cultivation is called filaaha.

The successful is the one who cuts through adversity until he reaches his goals.

Meaning success will only come after adversity.

Successful here means attain Paradise and avoided hellfire. True success is in the hereafter. This world is a test.

 Wallahu alam.

Posted in 2. Al Baqarah, Akhirah (Hereafter), Arabic, Taqwa

2:4 Traits of Taqwa (2)

​2:4 And those who believe in that which has been revealed to you (Muhammad) and that which was revealed before you, and they are certain of the Hereafter.

This is the continuation of characteristics of the muttaqin. This ayah covers all parts of time i.e. past, present and future.

Belief in the Scriptures

Muttaqin are those who believed that all heavenly scriptures are sent by Allah.

By decreeing this, Allah ordered us to believe in all of His prophets as well. Indirectly, Allah wants us to put away our nationalism, tribalism and prejudices in dealing with other nations especially in inviting them to the straight path. This sets a clear guidelines for Muslim’s stand and policies with regard to non Muslims.

Also implied here is that no more kitab will come after Quran as Allah didnt command us to believe in future revelations, unlike covenant of bani Israel.

Belief in all the scriptures are contrary to the Christians and Jewish doctrines. When they were invited to follow Qur’an, they said they only believed in what their forefathers believed.

Belief in the Hereafter

Muttaqin are yaqin (truly certain, having knowledge free of doubts) that the hereafter is true and coming.

Indirectly, this implied that:

  • the world is temporary
  • all our actions will be judged and we shall be rewarded or punished 
  • thus the criterion of our value system should be based on hereafter

Wallahu alam

Posted in 'Aqidah (Faith), 2. Al Baqarah, Arabic, Shari'ah (Islamic Law), Taqwa

2:3 Traits of Taqwa (1)

2:3 Those who believe in the unseen, establish prayer and spend out of what We have provided for them.

This ayah and the next explain the characteristics of the muttaqin.

This ayah covers spiritual and physical aspects of the religion i.e. the complete way of life. 

Belief in the Unseen is spiritual (belief and faith). Spending is the relationship between man and his society (economy/trade, good attitudes and cooperation). Prayers combined both spiritual and physical aspects of man with himself (discipline, self control and focus).

Belief in the unseen

The first trait of muttaqin is believing (muminuna means those who have peace/ have come to terms with) in the unseen/supernatural (ghaybiyyat). 

The unseen here means everything that the messenger reported which are beyond the scope of human intellect.

This refers to a spiritual trait.

One way belief in the unseen will increase our taqwa is that we know Allah is always aware and His angels are recording all of our deeds which will all be rewarded or punished later in the Hereafter. Thus the belief will help mankind to adhere to guidance from Allah and abstain from evil either to attain the Garden or to avoid the Hellfire.

The supernature of one thing depends on the knowledge or assumptions at the time or by whom  it is being referred to.

During the black plague, people referred to it as wrath of God i.e. supernatural. But when human knowledge developed, we know that the plague was caused by microorganisms carried by vectors which spread the symptoms of the disease thus it is no more supernatural. Similar to Allah, angels, the Hereafter etc, all is unseen, but when the Reckoning comes and men can see all of the ghaybiyyat mentioned in the Quran, we can no longer deny them but faith/belief after death is not beneficial if we denied them during lifetime i.e. during the period of test.

On another note, human still dont know why and how something happened at a specific place and time, and this is still supernatural. In Islam it is called qadawa qadar (matters preordained by Allah, Allah’s plan and execution) based on His attributes of qudrat wa iradah (able and freewill).

Establish Prayers

The second trait of muttaqin is yuqiiimuuna assolah meaning they develop/establish the solah (prayers).

This refers to a physical trait, in the relationship between individual and Allah.

Those who are God conscious will always long for His attention and love, and this is attained in solah.

This trait is not limited to performing solah (both obligatory and optional) but includes perfecting the purification before performing solah, the lines, the congregation, the facilities for solah and actively urging the community towards performing solah.

Spend in God’s Way

The third trait of muttaqin is that they spend (in Allah’s cause) from what Allah provided them.

This is a physical trait, affecting relationship between individual and his community.

1. Allah stated “from what We provided”.

This is to teach us that all that we have are provided by Him, not from our own efforts.
Allah is the one who determined whether our efforts will be beneficial or otherwise based on His decreed sunnatullah, i.e. His laws of nature and sciences, and His iradah i.e. His freewill.

Furthermore even when all of our efforts are in line with sunnatullah to be successful, there are so many aspects which are out of our control but lie in the domain of Allah’s control.

2. Infaq means spend

Islam encourages wealth to be circulated. Assets which are left idle are liable for zakah, i.e. compulsory almsgiving, because the assets are supposed to be used for the benefit of all e.g. idle lands, minimum cash balance in bank etc.
Islam prohibits the accumulation of wealth by certain groups. This has caused injustice in society and made the economy susceptible to major downturn caused by small group of people or one industry.
This concept shouldnt be confused with consumerism, as Islam discouraged overspending and lavish lifestyle. Consume what we need, spend the rest in Allah’s way.

This world is only a stopover on our way to the hereafter. Eat when we are hungry and stop before we are full. Those who spent lavishly are siblings of shaytan.

In a smaller scale, we will be rewarded for our deeds in this world. Included is our spending in a good way e.g. to sustain the family, almsgiving, etc.

The wealth that we accumulate wont give us any good if we dont spend them because they will be bequeathed to our offsprings. The portion that we spent in Allah’s cause will be our eternal wealth as these will aid us in attaining salvation.

Wallahualam.