2:4 And those who believe in that which has been revealed to you (Muhammad) and that which was revealed before you, and they are certain of the Hereafter.
This is the continuation of characteristics of the muttaqin. This ayah covers all parts of time i.e. past, present and future.
Belief in the Scriptures
Muttaqin are those who believed that all heavenly scriptures are sent by Allah.
By decreeing this, Allah ordered us to believe in all of His prophets as well. Indirectly, Allah wants us to put away our nationalism, tribalism and prejudices in dealing with other nations especially in inviting them to the straight path. This sets a clear guidelines for Muslim’s stand and policies with regard to non Muslims.
Also implied here is that no more kitab will come after Quran as Allah didnt command us to believe in future revelations, unlike covenant of bani Israel.
Belief in all the scriptures are contrary to the Christians and Jewish doctrines. When they were invited to follow Qur’an, they said they only believed in what their forefathers believed.
Belief in the Hereafter
Muttaqin are yaqin (truly certain, having knowledge free of doubts) that the hereafter is true and coming.
Indirectly, this implied that:
- the world is temporary
- all our actions will be judged and we shall be rewarded or punished
- thus the criterion of our value system should be based on hereafter