Posted in 2. Al Baqarah, Akhirah (Hereafter), Allah, Arabic, Correlation, Knowing Allah, Kufur

2:7 Disbelievers (2)

2:7 ​Allah has set a seal upon their hearts, and upon their hearing, and on their eyes there is a covering. And for them is a great punishment.

Khatama means sealing something so that the sealed can’t be reached and nothing can enter  upon it.

Other words to describe heart (qalb): sadr and fu’ad.

Sealed hearts and hearings can’t absorb Allah’s word, understand and reflect on his ayah. 

Allah described the hearts of disbelievers in ten ways:

  1. Sealed (this ayah 2:7)
  2. In denial and puffed with pride (16:22)
  3. Filled with fanatic rage (48:26)
  4. Hard (39:22 and 2:74)
  5. Dead (6:122 and 6:36)
  6. Rusted (83:14)
  7. Sick (47:29)
  8. Narrow and constricted (6:125)
  9. Stamped (9:87 and  4:155)
  10. Turn away (9:127)

Again, Allah has the right to guide or misguide. But this doesn’t negate His attribute of being just. Allah doesn’t deprive anyone to the extend that he couldn’t perform his obligations. If He does deprived anyone, the obligations no longer applicable on him due to his inability. 

But being guided is never a condition for anyone to be obligated to perform anything.

Covered or blindfolded eyes can’t see the obvious signs.

Superiority of the Heart

Allah mentions heart before our other faculties due to its superiority against the others. The heart controls the body. 

“There is a lump of flesh in the body. When it is sound, the entire body is sound, and when it is corrupt, the entire body is corrupt – it is the heart”

When the heart commanded the body to disobey Allah, it will be stained. If he continues, his heart will be completely corrupted.

“A man may commit a sin and his heart becomes black. If he repents, his heart is polished.” Tirmizi

Muslim relates a hadith from Hudhayfa: “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, related two ahadith to us. I have seen one of them come true and am still waiting for the other. He related to us that the quality of trustworthiness had descended into the hearts of men. Then the Qur’an came down and they knew it from the Qur’an and they knew it from the Sunna. Then he related that trustworthiness would be removed, and he said, ‘A man will go to sleep and trustworthiness will be taken from his heart and its trace will remain like a small scar. Then he will go to sleep and trustworthiness will be taken from his heart and its trace will remain like a superficial blister, such as you see when an ember rolls onto someone’s foot and it blisters up.’

Then he took some pebbles and rolled them onto his foot. 

‘And people will continue to trade but practically no one will fulfil his trust, to such a point that it will be said, “There is a trustworthy man among the Banu so-and-so!” and until it will be said of a man, “How tough he is! How elegant! How intelligent!” when he does not have even a speck of belief in his heart.’ There was a time when I did not care whom I did business with. If he was a Muslim, his deen (religion) was sufficient assurance for me, and if he was a Christian or a Jew, his Muslim patron was sufficient assurance for me. Today I only do business with so-and-so and so-and-so among you.'”

The Quran simply states a law of nature: if one takes a biased view of something and deliberately nourishes prejudices against it in his mind, he can neither see any virtue in it, nor hear anything in its favor, nor open his heart to consider it dispassionately. It is like wearing glasses, you see what goes through the glasses not what it actually is in the reality.

This is the law of nature, which is Allah’s law, hence the act of sealing up of the hearts and the ears and the covering of the eyes has been attributed to Him.

Punishment for the Disbelievers

Adhab comes from a root word meaning imprisonment or prevention. A punished person is prevented from things which are comfortable and dear to him.

Azhim means great, intense, everlasting. (Punishment for kafirin).

But alim means painful. (Punishment for munafiqin which wil be explaine in ayah 10).

Posted in 2. Al Baqarah, Akhirah (Hereafter), Arabic, Correlation, Knowing Allah, Taqwa, Theme

2:5 Success for the Guided

2:5 ​Those are on guidance from their Lord. And those, they are the successful.

Those who fulfilled the criteria mentioned in the two ayah previously are those who have taqwa. They are those who shall obtain guidance through Qur’an (ayah 2).

The muttaqin receives guidance from their Lord. This again shows that Allah has the absolute power to influence our fate. This is in contrast to some people (e.g. the qadariyyah) who claimed that men are owner of their own fate, faith and creator of their own guidance.

Falah comes from root word falh meaning splitting or cleaving.
Tillage on earth when is was ploughed for cultivation is called filaaha.

The successful is the one who cuts through adversity until he reaches his goals.

Meaning success will only come after adversity.

Successful here means attain Paradise and avoided hellfire. True success is in the hereafter. This world is a test.

 Wallahu alam.

Posted in 2. Al Baqarah, Akhirah (Hereafter), Arabic, Taqwa

2:4 Traits of Taqwa (2)

​2:4 And those who believe in that which has been revealed to you (Muhammad) and that which was revealed before you, and they are certain of the Hereafter.

This is the continuation of characteristics of the muttaqin. This ayah covers all parts of time i.e. past, present and future.

Belief in the Scriptures

Muttaqin are those who believed that all heavenly scriptures are sent by Allah.

By decreeing this, Allah ordered us to believe in all of His prophets as well. Indirectly, Allah wants us to put away our nationalism, tribalism and prejudices in dealing with other nations especially in inviting them to the straight path. This sets a clear guidelines for Muslim’s stand and policies with regard to non Muslims.

Also implied here is that no more kitab will come after Quran as Allah didnt command us to believe in future revelations, unlike covenant of bani Israel.

Belief in all the scriptures are contrary to the Christians and Jewish doctrines. When they were invited to follow Qur’an, they said they only believed in what their forefathers believed.

Belief in the Hereafter

Muttaqin are yaqin (truly certain, having knowledge free of doubts) that the hereafter is true and coming.

Indirectly, this implied that:

  • the world is temporary
  • all our actions will be judged and we shall be rewarded or punished 
  • thus the criterion of our value system should be based on hereafter

Wallahu alam

Posted in 'Aqidah (Faith), 1. Al Fatihah, Akhirah (Hereafter), Arabic, Knowing Allah

1:2&4 Lord of the Created worlds

1:2 …Lord of the worlds.
1:4 Master of the Day of Recompense.

The first dimension of God singularity is Tawhid Rububiyyah = Allah’s oneness in ownership and power over all things including the reckoning (hisab), time, hearts, actions and reactions etc.

Rabb means sustainer, lord, owner, proprietor and ruler.

It also includes the meaning in the word tarbiyah i.e. to grow, to nurture and to educate 

Men can be the rabb of his belongings. However, sometimes we own and sometimes we don’t. We own something and not something else. Allah is the owner of all things at all times.

All knowledge and discoveries made by mankind and all miraculous signs in nature are all from Allah the rabb, showing complex systems dependent on each other. It is illogical for anyone to think that these happened merely by chance.

Worlds (‘aalamiin) in plural form meaning not just human world but including all other worlds eg jinn, animals, outer space etc.

Yawmi ad deen means the day of recompense. 

Yawm means a period of time and usually translated as day.

Dayn means debt and deen means repayment.

Allah is the Lord and we are just His servants. Praise be to Allah.