Muqaddimah Al Baqarah

The reason for Al Baqarah’s revelation was to teach the mukmin (believers) how to lead mankind after hijrah (migration from Makkah to Madinah). Among the themes are guidance, taqwa (faith), belief, sacrifices and knowledge.

Guidance/ Covenant

One of the main theme of this chapter is guidance/ covenant.

Whoever accepts the guidance and adhere to the covenant will gain leadership of mankind e.g. Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Dawud (David) etc. This happened to the Muslim after hijrah.

To adhere to the covenant, one must have taqwa, belief in the unseen, etc.

Some people pretended to hold onto it i.e. munafiq (hypocrites). Some prefers chaos and corruptions i.e. fasiq (disobedients, miscreants). Some rejected it ie kuffar (disbelievers).

The instruction to change qiblah (direction in prayers) signifies the change of leadership from Jews to Muslim.

Also included in this surah are the details of muslim covenant (eg jihad, riba, fast etc), parables, etc.

Baqarahs Virtues

House which al Baqarah was recited in it wont be harmed by devils (Hadith from Tirmizi, An Nasaie, Hakim, Ad Darimi, At Tabrani, Ibn Hibban).

Al Baqarah and Ali Imran will intercede for their people during reckoning (Ibn Majah, Muslim, Ahmad).

Contains basic concepts and many rulings. Rasulullah once appointed a younger commander because he remembers and practise Al Baqarah.

Fully madani (revealed after hijrah ie migration), among first to be sent down after hijrah and last revealed ayat. Also said that most are madani, some are makki (revealed before hijrah).

Also the longest surah.


Why was Quran revealed?


Quran is a book from Allah to remind mankind of the true reality, as what was clearly known by Adam after heedlessness and perversion made by them towards its understanding.

It is not about teaching mankind sciences or how to survive. However many topics were mentioned as guidance in our way of life and evidence of His knowledge.

It is the guidance, medicine, light and remembrance. 

O Allah keep the Qur’an close to our hearts.


Introduction to Al Fatihah

1. In the name of Allah, the All Merciful, Most Merciful.
2. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds.
3. The All Merciful, Most Merciful.
4. Master of the Day of Recompense.
5. You alone we worship and You alone we seek help.
6. Guide us the straight path.
7. The path of those who are blessed, not those who incur Your wrath and not those who are astray.

1. It is the first chapter in Quran, although not the first in revelation. It is one of the most important chapters as God wants it to be read in every prayers (solah, specific type of prayer with physical movements). 

2. Besides Al Fatihah i.e. The Opening, this surah i.e. chapter, is also called Al Matsani i.e. the one going back and forth (between khauf i.e. fear, and raja’ i.e. hopeful) because the verses alternate the focus between fear and hope.

3. It contains God’s most glorious names, all three dimensions of tawhid i.e. God singularity, and plea for His guidance, all of which were repeated at least 17 times daily in solah, for our remembrance of Allah. The plea is answered by Allah by sending down the Qur’an to mankind for guidance.

4. It is the gist of the Qur’an and faith.
It explains the logic of why we worship Allah alone, what we needed from Him. 

5. The answers to these questions explain the reality of our creation i.e. we are always in need of Allah. With this in mind, we will be ready to understand Quran, with humility and hope and without prejudice or arrogance.

6. Hadith: Allah answers each ayat a servant reads from this chapter. This shows that this chapter is purposely sent by Allah to guide mankind on what and how to interract with Allah (properly with praises, humility, hope and request).


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