Posted in 2. Al Baqarah, Akhirah (Hereafter), Arabic, Correlation, Knowing Allah, Taqwa, Theme

2:5 Success for the Guided

2:5 ​Those are on guidance from their Lord. And those, they are the successful.

Those who fulfilled the criteria mentioned in the two ayah previously are those who have taqwa. They are those who shall obtain guidance through Qur’an (ayah 2).

The muttaqin receives guidance from their Lord. This again shows that Allah has the absolute power to influence our fate. This is in contrast to some people (e.g. the qadariyyah) who claimed that men are owner of their own fate, faith and creator of their own guidance.

Falah comes from root word falh meaning splitting or cleaving.
Tillage on earth when is was ploughed for cultivation is called filaaha.

The successful is the one who cuts through adversity until he reaches his goals.

Meaning success will only come after adversity.

Successful here means attain Paradise and avoided hellfire. True success is in the hereafter. This world is a test.

 Wallahu alam.

Posted in 2. Al Baqarah, Arabic, Correlation, Da'wah (invitation), Taqwa, Theme

2:2 The book

2:2 That is the book, in which there is no doubt, guidance for the muttaqin.

Zaalika (that) is used instead of haaza (this) to show the elevated status of Quran. Furthermore, it refers to the complete Quran in the heavens as Quran was not yet completely revealed and writted down when this verse was revealed.

Kitaab (book) is used to show that Quran is to be written down.

Laa rayba fee hi (No doubt/suspicion/need in it) meaning no falsehood and contradictions. Later in this chapter, Allah challenged those who have doubts regarding Quran to produce similar chapter themselves.

Al Qur’an is one of Allah’s quality, thus it is not a creation and not subject to time.

This kitaab is the hudan (good guidance, clarification), as an answer to our plea in Al Fatihah requesting for guidance towards the straight path.

Giving admonition, directions and calling towards the truth are the duties of the messengers and the believers. However, it is entirely Allah’s right to choose who among His servants are to be guided by the admonitions, directions and calls.

Lil muttaqiin (for those who have taqwa). 

Al Qur’an is a guidance for all of mankind as stated many times in it. Allah mentions muttaqun (those who have taqwa) as it is a condition to be guided by Allah, as Allah has the right to choose whoever He wishes to be guided.

Pre-requisite to be guided is to have taqwa (piety, warding off evil, fear & love of God) i.e. those who protect themselves by abiding to Allah’s commands and restrictions.

Taqwa is one of the themes of this chapter. Next 3 sentences described .

This theme, ie taqwa, is apparent in al Baqarah eg “worship your Lord so you may attain taqwa”. Same goes for ayat on fasting, jihad etc.

Posted in 2. Al Baqarah, Correlation, Introduction, Knowing Allah, Kufur, Shari'ah (Islamic Law), Taqwa, Theme

Al Baqarah: Topics and Interconnections

From Tafhimul Quran:

Ayats 120.
These introductory verses declare the Quran to be the Book of guidance: enunciate the articles of the faith (belief) in Allah, prophethood and life-after-death; divide mankind into three main groups with regard to its acceptance or rejection, believers, disbelievers and hypocrites.

Ayats 21-29.
Allah invites mankind to accept the guidance voluntarily and to submit to Him, the Lord and the Creator of the universe, and to believe in the Quran, His guidance, and in the life-after-death.

Ayats 30-39.
The story of the appointment of Adam as Allah’s vicegerent on earth, of his life in the garden, of his falling a prey to the temptations of Satan, of his repentance and its acceptance, has been related to show to mankind (Adam’s offspring) that the only right thing for them is to accept and follow the guidance. This story also shows that the guidance of Islam is the same that was given to Adam and that it is the original religion of mankind.

Ayats 40-120.
In this portion invitation to the guidance has particularly been extended to the children of Israel and their past and present attitude has been criticized to show that the cause of their degradation was their deviation from the guidance.

Ayats 121-141.
The Jews have been exhorted to follow Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) who had come with the same guidance and who was a descendant and follower of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) whom they highly honored as their ancestor, and professed to follow as a prophet. The story of building of the Kaabah by him has been mentioned because it was going to be made the qiblah of the Muslim community.

Ayats 142-152.
In this portion, the declaration of the change of qiblah from the Temple (Jerusalem) to the Kaabah (Makkah) has been made as a symbol of the change of leadership from the children of Israel to the Muslim community, which has also been fore-warned to guard against those transgressions against the guidance that had led to the deposition of the Jews.

Ayats 153-251.
In this portion practical measures have been prescribed to enable the Muslims to discharge the heavy responsibilities of the leadership that had been entrusted to them for the promulgation of guidance. Salat, fasting, Zakat, Hajj and Jihad have been prescribed for the moral training of the ummat (Muslim community). The believers have been exhorted to obey authority, to be just, to fulfill pledges, to observe treaties, to spend wealth etc. in the Way of Allah. Laws, rules and regulations have been laid down for their organization, cohesion and conduct of daily life and for the solution of social, economic, political and international problems. On the other hand, drinking, gambling, lending money on interest etc. have been prohibited to keep the ummat safe from disintegration. In between these, the basic articles of the faith have been reiterated at suitable places, for these alone can enable and support one to stick to the guidance.

Ayats 252-260.
These verses serve as an introduction to the prohibition of lending money on interest. The true conception of Allah, revelation, and life-after-death have been emphasized to keep alive the sense of accountability. The stories of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) and of the one who woke up after a sleep of hundred years have been related to show that Allah is All-Powerful and is able to raise the dead and call them to account. The believers, therefore, should keep this fact in view and refrain from taking interest on money.

Ayats 261-283.
The earlier theme has been resumed and the believers have been exhorted to spend in the Way of Allah in order to please Him alone. In contrast to this, they have been warned against the evils of lending money on interest. Instructions have also been given for the honest conduct of day-to-day business transactions.

Ayats 284-286.
The basic articles of the faith have been recapitulated here at the end of the Surah, just as they were enunciated at its beginning. Then the Surah ends with a prayer which the Muslim community needed very much at that time when they were encountering untold hardships in the propagation of the guidance.

 

Allah knows best.

Posted in 2. Al Baqarah, Correlation, Introduction, Reason for revelation, Shari'ah (Islamic Law), Taqwa, Theme

Muqaddimah Al Baqarah

The reason for Al Baqarah’s revelation was to teach the mukmin (believers) how to lead mankind after hijrah (migration from Makkah to Madinah). Among the themes are guidance, taqwa (faith), belief, sacrifices and knowledge.

Guidance/ Covenant

One of the main theme of this chapter is guidance/ covenant.

Whoever accepts the guidance and adhere to the covenant will gain leadership of mankind e.g. Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Dawud (David) etc. This happened to the Muslim after hijrah.

To adhere to the covenant, one must have taqwa, belief in the unseen, etc.

Some people pretended to hold onto it i.e. munafiq (hypocrites). Some prefers chaos and corruptions i.e. fasiq (disobedients, miscreants). Some rejected it ie kuffar (disbelievers).

The instruction to change qiblah (direction in prayers) signifies the change of leadership from Jews to Muslim.

Also included in this surah are the details of muslim covenant (eg jihad, riba, fast etc), parables, etc.


Al
Baqarahs Virtues

House which al Baqarah was recited in it wont be harmed by devils (Hadith from Tirmizi, An Nasaie, Hakim, Ad Darimi, At Tabrani, Ibn Hibban).

Al Baqarah and Ali Imran will intercede for their people during reckoning (Ibn Majah, Muslim, Ahmad).

Contains basic concepts and many rulings. Rasulullah once appointed a younger commander because he remembers and practise Al Baqarah.

Fully madani (revealed after hijrah ie migration), among first to be sent down after hijrah and last revealed ayat. Also said that most are madani, some are makki (revealed before hijrah).

Also the longest surah.

Posted in 'Aqidah (Faith), 1. Al Fatihah, Correlation, Introduction, Knowing Allah, Qur'an, Reason for revelation, Theme

Introduction to Al Fatihah

1. In the name of Allah, the All Merciful, Most Merciful.
2. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds.
3. The All Merciful, Most Merciful.
4. Master of the Day of Recompense.
5. You alone we worship and You alone we seek help.
6. Guide us the straight path.
7. The path of those who are blessed, not those who incur Your wrath and not those who are astray.

Besides Al Fatihah i.e. The Opening, this surah i.e. chapter, is also called Al Matsani i.e. the one going back and forth (between khauf i.e. fear, and raja’ i.e. hopeful) because the verses alternate the focus between fear and hope.

It contains God’s most glorious names, all three dimensions of tawhid i.e. God singularity, and plea for His guidance, all of which were repeated at least 17 times daily in solah i.e. prayers, for our remembrance of Allah. The plea is answered by Allah by sending down the Qur’an to mankind for guidance.

It is the gists of the Qur’an and faith.
It explains the logic of why we worship Allah alone, what we needed from Him. 

The answers to these questions explains the reality of our creation i.e. we are always in need of Allah. With this in mind, we will be ready to understand Quran, with humility and hope and without prejudice or arrogance.

Hadith: Allah answers each ayat a servant reads from this chapter. This shows that this chapter is purposely sent by Allah to guide mankind on what and how to interract with Allah (properly with praises, humility, hope and request).

Wallahualam.